Characterization and prevalence of comorbidities in pediatric patients with Down syndrome in the Dominican Republic


Katlin De La Rosa Poueriet1, Andrea Irina Servalle Mella2, Bary Bigay Mercedes3

This study analyzes the prevalence and characteristics of comorbidities in 534 children with Down Syndrome (DS) in the Dominican Republic, between 2018 and 2022. The research reveals early detection of DS, with an equal gender distribution. Most cases resulted from nondisjunction, with a significant association between advanced maternal age and increased risk of DS. About 62.2% of the children had comorbidities, with cardiac conditions being the most prevalent, followed by endocrine and neurologic comorbidities, mainly hypothyroidism and seizure disorders. Ophthalmic and otorhinolaryngologic conditions were also common, with strabismus and hypoacusis standing out. The findings emphasize the need for early and comprehensive management adapted to the individual and regional characteristics of patients with DS.